Monday, May 28, 2012
Okay I know this is sort of a weird post to start back up with (and note that I did NOT put up a sorry I haven’t posted post, I was busy, it was not exciting, that’s all I have to say) but I was talking with my mom about my discovery of a method for cleaning dishtowels and she asked for the detailed how-to and I said I’d put it up along with the before and after pictures so she could see for herself.
Here’s the background.
After I bought my house in 1999, I bought the book Better Basics for the Home and started making my own cleaning products. I started teaching a class on it at The Scrap Exchange in 2004 and have taught the class on and off since then. One of the things that I always get asked about is laundry detergent, what do I use and do I know anything about making homemade laundry detergent.
Unfortunately, I do not have a good answer to that question.
Getting laundry detergent is a problem for me because (a) it’s really heavy and (b) it’s expensive. I walk to the grocery store, so I basically have to make a special trip just for laundry detergent — after saving up my pennies for three months so I can afford it. Also I cannot stand the smell of most commercial laundry detergents, and I’m always afraid I’ll mistakenly buy something that has some horrible fragrance and I’ll have to give it away just to get it out of the house.
I use Sal Suds as a general cleaner so I always have that around and it says on the label that you can use it for laundry, so a few years ago I started using that. The label says a quarter cup per load but that doesn’t seem particularly cost-effective to me, since it’s $13+ for 32 ounces, so that would be over eighty cents a load. Also it’s super concentrated so that seems like it would be too much.
I have a front-loading machine and I know you’re supposed to use less detergent in those, and also I know that with most things, you can use less than the instructions say, so I started keeping a diluted bottle of Sal Suds (detergent mixed with water, maybe 1:4 ratio) and pouring a little bit in when I run a load of laundry. Seems to work fine, though I’m not all that picky about how my clothes look so I may not be the best person to speak to this question.
And while I may not be all that picky about how clean my clothes are, there are a few things I was having problems with, namely pillowcases, which had begun to yellow, and dishtowels, which seemed to come out of the washer looking as gray and dingy as they looked when they went in.
So in preparation for class, I decided to do some research on homemade laundry detergents and also try a few experiments to see if I could do anything to get my dishtowels clean without shelling out the big bucks for a possibly horrible smelling commercial laundry detergent.
In terms of the homemade detergents, there are many versions of recipes online but all of the ones I looked at were basically some form of soap or detergent plus washing soda and borax. I think these would probably work fine, though my concern with using soap is that if you have hard water, soap will react with the minerals in the water to form soap scum, and your laundry might start to turn a yellowish-gray after you use it for a while. If you have soft water, or if you have s water softener in your home, this will be less of a problem due to the lower mineral content. If you use detergent instead of soap, this will not be an issue since detergent is designed to not react with minerals in water.
So feel free to try any of the online recipes and let me know how it goes, if you’re so inclined.
I’m pretty happy with the Sal Suds, and I can always add washing soda and/or borax to a load if I think it needs it (and I often add baking soda to smelly loads, bike clothes and things like that — that works great), so I haven’t bothered with mixing up a batch of homemade detergent.
However I did want to try to tackle the dishtowel problem, and here is the solution I came up with.
I put the towels in a big stock pot and filled with warm-ish/hot-ish tap water. I put in a medium squirt of Sal Suds (maybe a teaspoon or two), along with about 2 to 3 tablespoons of washing soda and 1 to 2 tablespoons of borax. (I didn’t measure anything, just poured it all into the pot.) I also added about a tablespoon of powdered non-chlorine bleach. (I used Ecover because that’s what I had here.)
I stirred everything up and put the pot on the stove, turned the heat on high, and brought to a boil. When it started boiling, I turned the heat to low and kept the pot simmering for half an hour or so, stirring occasionally. (It’s basically like making soup. But with dishtowels.)
I then turned off the heat and left the pot on the stove for a few hours. (I have an electric stove, so it stays hot for a while; if you have a gas stove, you might want to simmer longer.)
As the pot simmers, the water starts to turn this really disgusting color of yellowish-brown as all of the grease and grime and dirt in the towels is pulled out into the wash water. It’s totally vile, and disturbing to think that this is what you’ve been using to wipe things off with. So try not to think about that too much, it doesn’t really help anything.
After a few hours, I dumped out the water (it stays hot for a long time, so be careful when you dump out and take out the towels, to make sure they’re cool enough to handle) and, without rinsing, put the towels in the washer along with other things that I would normally wash with towels, socks and underwear and things like that. Then I ran a normal wash cycle, without adding any detergent or anything else to the load. (This utilizes the leftover cleaning solution in the towels for a full load of laundry, and gives you a clean rinse of the dishtowels.)
When they were done, they look like new. Totally amazing.
The picture above shows a comparison of a towel that was washed this way (on the right) with one that wasn’t (on the left). No more dingy gray, just fresh and clean blue and white stripes.
And you will totally be able to tell that it’s working by the color of the water in the pot. Below is a picture of water samples. In order to make sure that simply boiling the towels wouldn’t do the same thing without cleaners, I filled the pot with water and boiled without adding any detergent or washing soda or borax. The water sample on the right shows that the water stays basically clear and the towels stay dingy. On the left is the water that results from boiling with detergent/washing soda/borax/powdered non-chlorine bleach.
And I’m glad to have finally taken this picture and put this post up so I can get rid of the water samples and wash the rest of my towels this way so everything is clean.
And I’m glad to be back, and will try to not disappear again. Hope all was well with everyone these past few months. More soon.